Elrond: A NextGen Scalable, Value Transfer Blockchain Protocol

Elrond: A highly scalable, fast, and secure blockchain platform built for internet scalability.

Being a technology leader, I have been quite fascinated by the power of blockchain technology and the project built on top of it. In the recent past, various cryptocurrency projects with underlying blockchain technology have found a strong use case in the Defi & fintech domain. The technology to scale the decentralization platforms to support higher throughput in terms of transaction per second is in huge demand.

Technology like NFT(Non-Fungible Tokens), DeFi all has been making waves recently and has been using the power of Ethereum programmable…

Working with services in Kubernetes Using ClusterIP

In continuation to my last piece on working with services :

where we discussed how we can enable the external world application to talk to our internal pods deployed in the k8s cluster by making use of the NodePort type service. Today I am excited to discuss Kubernetes services in more detail by venturing into the role of ClusterIP as one of the prominent services to enable communications of multiple pods within the cluster.

But, before we jump into the ClusterIP type service, let’s again understand what is Services in K8s briefly

What Are Services in K8s?

In Kubernetes, a Service is an abstraction that…

Learning Kubernetes architecture & components


The very need to make our complex application highly available, scalable, portable, and deployable in small modules independently lead to the birth of Kubernetes

Today we will cover :

  • What Is Kubernetes?
  • Why Kubernetes?
  • Kubernetes Architecture
  • Key Components of Kubernetes

What Is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes is popularly known as K8s

K8s is a production-grade open-source container orchestration tool developed by Google to help you manage the containerized/dockerized applications supporting multiple deployment environments like On-premise, cloud, or virtual machines.

k8s automates the deployment of your containerised images and helps the same to scale horizontally to support high level of application availability

Why K8s: What Problem Does K8S Solve?

One of the primary reasons why K8s became so…

What is Deployment in Kubernetes? How to maintain a rolling update of our application?

Kubernetes Deployment(controller) is your buddy if you want to deploy, update , maintain your hosted application on the production server without any downtime with utmost efficiency and with the required scalability and availability

Many times while working on your production server, you may encounter an instance where you would like to push a new update of your web application, while doing so it is desired not to break the running web app and to avoid any downtime. …

Working with services in Kubernetes

It is not only sufficient to have skilled individuals who know their job better, how these talented individuals communicate and help each other out as a team player which makes productive work happen, is what matters the most.

In a similar fashion, deploying different types of front-end and backend applications on the server is not sufficient, it is how these applications will exchange data with each other is what makes the client server-based ecosystem function effectively. …

How Does Node affinity Work in Kubernetes?

Welcome to this brand new piece of working with Kubernetes series,

In the previous piece:

we discussed,

How one can allow any particular pod with a certain type of workload to be specifically scheduled on the particular Node, using the simplicity and power of nodeSelector.

Let’s revisit the example we discussed in the last piece:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
name: nginx
env: staging
- name: nginx
image: nginx

size: large

Here we are trying to place our Pod, using nodeSelector key-value pair


In such a case, one thing which limits the node selector approach…

Node Selector & Node Affinity in Kubernetes

“If you stretch beyond your capacity without putting your wisdom into practice, you are bound to break ”

The same applies to our Kubernetes worker nodes. If you will try to schedule a heavy workload to the worker node of low capacity, there is a higher probability of this node filling fast and create inefficiency in the cluster. So as a Kubernetes administrator or developer what you should do?

To understand this scenario let me paint a visual picture of a hypothetical situation below:

What is Taints & Tolerants In Kubernetes and How Does It Work?

In general life, we often develop an affinity with people whom we like and want to engage very often, similarly, in Kubernetes, we can establish a close affinity between nodes and pods.

If you want to ensure that only a few types of pods get accommodated in any given worker Node and repelling the other pods which you don’t want to be a part of the worker Node, you can use the concept of

“Taints & Tolerations ”

Let’s Understand with mosquito & human analogy:

Suppose you don’t want the mosquito to bite you, in that case, what do you do? …

What happens if you exceed the resources request beyond what Nodes can handle in Kubernetes?

“Choose your resources wisely else you will be thrown out ”

This is true for Kubernetes clusters with multiple nodes too. In our part 1 of handling resources and limits in Kubernetes:

We learned

  • How to manage resource provisioning of the container in Kubernetes?
  • How to define resource requests?
  • How to define resource limits?
  • How does the scheduler handle the resource provisioning?
  • What happens if some pods or containers try to go beyond the specified resource limit defined in the pod definition?

So today we will go further to understand the few resource management scenarios given below :

  • What happens…

How to manage products effectively?


Plant Analogy :

Any product and its management is somewhat similar to any growing plants which bear fruits. The fruit is a product and the person who grows it is a product manager.

It starts with finding fertile land(Finding the right market/target audience), adopting best seeding practices, planting seeds, nurturing it with the right kind of water and fertilizer, monitoring the growth, trimming the unwanted branches & leaves to keep it in the right shape(Improving product based on customer feedback), plucking the fruits as it comes on the way. Continuing the discipline of caring to help it bear new fruits. …


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